first known residents of Oxford County were a Nation
of Iroquois known as the Attawandarons. In 1626 Father
La Roche Daillon, a Recollect missionary undertook
a visit to these people, believing them to be "Heathens" and
thinking he could convert them to the Christian religion.
of the most respected and industrious Nations, they were
consumed by conflict and epidemics leading them to be mentioned
for the last time as a separate race in July of 1653.