“Our traditions go back to time immemorial”, relates Dean Jacobs, Chief of Bkejwanong First Nation, Walpole Island. Archeological evidence places the first Natives on Walpole Island as long as 6000 years ago. The Three Fires Confederacy was an association of the Ojibwa, Podowadami and Ottawa tribes, linked most importantly linguistically, but also through culture and history. These Natives were a self-sufficient group which utilized the clan system to efficiently designate responsibilities, from hunting and fishing to medicine and security, thus providing for all members of their community.

Today, many Natives live on Reserves, land that the Natives put aside for themselves, while Europeans settled much of the land around them. Interestingly, Walpole Island was never a reserve and not included in any of the treaties made between the Crown and the Native people, and remains Native land today.

Albino Turtles

Doc Stanton

The Great Storm

The Griffon


Stewart James

Group of Seven

Home Stories Timeline Map Museums Partners

The Last Frontier

Three Fires

The French



Early Sarnia

Oil Story

Oil Springs




The Rapids

St. Clair Tunnel

The Explorers

Grand Bend

World War 2


Natural Resources

Amjawnaang First Nation

Bkejwanong (Walpole)

Kettle and Stony Point

Page 2: The Three Fires Confederacy
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